Adelaide, Australia - Emerging Northern Territory lithium developer, Core Exploration Ltd.
(ASX:CXO) (FRA:7CX) ("Core" or "the Company"), is pleased to announce a substantial Mineral Resource upgrade for its BP33 Lithium Deposit at the Finniss Lithium Project in the Northern Territory ("Finniss Project").
- High grade BP33 Lithium Resource upgraded by 51% to 2.15Mt with a coincident grade increase to 1.5% Li2O
- BP33 Lithium Resource is now classified as Indicated and Inferred
- Size and average grade of Finniss Project Lithium Mineral Resource has also increased and now stands at 5Mt at 1.5% Li2O
- Additional mining inventory defined is expected to result in a longer mine life at the Finniss Project, and further enhance the robust economics
- Maiden Resource estimate for Sandras expected to add further to Project Mineral Resources later this month
- The Finniss Project Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS) remains on track for completion in late November 2018
- DFS focussed on mining and production of high-grade lithium concentrate near Darwin - development planned to commence in 2019
- Finniss Project Lithium Resource is one of the highest-grade undeveloped lithium deposits in Australia
- Considerable scope remains to further increase the Mineral Resource given the many additional lithium-rich pegmatites identified within Core's large >500km2 of tenure at Finniss
Commenting on the results, Core's Managing Director, Stephen Biggins, commented "The excellent results from BP33 confirm our expectations that the Finniss Lithium Project will have extremely robust economics. We look forward to publishing the DFS in late November."
The Mineral Resource tonnes have grown by 51% in size at BP33 to 2.15Mt and the already high grade has increased to 1.5% Li2O. The resource confidence classification has also improved to Indicated and Inferred (Table 1) - previously only Inferred Mineral Resource announced.
The increase in the size, grade and confidence of the estimate of the BP33 Resource, together with the recently announced 42% increase in resources at the Grants Lithium Deposit (ASX 22/10/2018), enhances the potential for the Finniss Project to deliver robust returns, which is expected to be confirmed by the Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS).
The BP33 Lithium Mineral Resource estimate currently comprises 2.15Mt @ 1.5% Li2O (Table 1) and is one of the highest-grade spodumene resources in Australia.
The global Mineral Resource for the Finniss Project is now 5.0Mt @ 1.5% (Table 1) and is expected to grow further in coming weeks when a new Mineral Resource estimate is announced at Sandras.
Additional drilling at BP33, targeting both an increase in resource confidence and size is planned for the near future.
Definitive Feasibility Study
Core is now in the final stages of completing a Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS) for the development of a spodumene concentrate operation from the Finniss Lithium Project and expects to deliver the DFS in late November 2018.
Core is targeting commencement of mining and construction mid-2019 and first production of high-quality spodumene concentrate in late 2019, subject to financing and regulatory approvals.
The DFS is expected to dramatically build on the strong financial outcomes highlighted in the Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS) (ASX 25/06/18). The DFS is factoring in substantially expanded Mineral Resources and longer mine life, optimised recoveries and increased grade of product as well as committed offtake and customer prepayment finance.
The Finniss Lithium Project has arguably the best supporting infrastructure and logistics chain to Asia of any Australian lithium project. The Project is within 25km of port, power station, gas, rail and 1 hour by sealed road to workforce accommodated in Darwin and importantly to Darwin Port - Australia's nearest port to Asia.
High grade, low processing costs and cheap haulage make Core's Finniss Project potentially one of the least capital-intensive and most cost-competitive spodumene operations in Australia.
Core has established offtake and prepayment and is also in the process of negotiating and finalising further agreements with some of Asia's largest lithium producers that, at a high level, cover the Project's modest capex requirements and potentially fully finance the Company into production in 2019.
BP33 and Finniss Project Lithium Resource
The results of the Mineral Resource estimate are provided in Table 1 and Figures 1-3. The Mineral Resources are reported at a high cut-off of 0.75% Li2O.
Mineral Resource Estimate for the Finniss Lithium Project
November 2018 - 0.75% Li2O cut-off
Resource Category Tonnes Li2O % Contained Li2O (t)
Grants Measured 1,090,000 1.5 16,100
Grants Indicated 820,000 1.5 12,600
Grants Inferred 980,000 1.4 14,000
BP33 Indicated 630,000 1.4 9,000
BP33 Inferred 1,520,000 1.6 24,000
Total 5,040,000 1.5 75,700
Table 1. Updated Mineral Resource Estimate for BP33 and the Finniss Lithium Project. Grants Resource from 22 October 2018 is unchanged.
The BP33 orebody averages 25m and is over 200m long and characterised by consistent, high-grade spodumene mineralisation from one wall to the other. These characteristics and scale of orebody enable a simple open pit operation producing consistent high grade with low dilution utilising the efficiencies of bulk mining equipment.
The BP33 Mineral Resource report notes that fresh pegmatite at BP33 is composed of coarse spodumene, quartz, albite, microcline and muscovite. Spodumene, a lithium bearing pyroxene (LiAl(SiO3)2), is the predominant lithium-bearing phase and displays a diagnostic red-pink UV fluorescence. The pegmatite is not strongly zoned, apart from a thin (1-2m) quartz-mica-albite wall facies. Overall, the lithium content throughout the pegmatite is notably consistent.
BP33 has a relatively flat grade-tonnage curve at the 1.5% Li2O "sweetspot" for spodumene production (Figure 5). A high 0.75% Li2O cut-off grade results in little reduction in the contained tonnes, demonstrating the consistent high-grade nature of the Mineral Resource.
Summary of Mineral Resource Estimate and Reporting Criteria
Dr Graeme McDonald (BSc PhD MAusIMM) was contracted by Core to undertake the Mineral Resource Estimate for the BP33 Lithium Deposit. As part of the preparation of the Resource Estimate, Dr McDonald developed a geological interpretation based on cross sections, generated a 3D geological interpretation from interpreted cross sections, created domain interpretations for lithium, developed a block model of the deposit, undertook a geostatistical analysis of the data and estimated lithium grades.
Geology and geological interpretation
The BP33 Lithium Deposit is hosted within a rare element pegmatite that is a member of the Bynoe pegmatite field. The Bynoe Pegmatite Field is situated 15km south of Darwin and extends for up to 70km in length and 15 km in width. Over 100 pegmatites are known within clustered groups or as single bodies. Individual pegmatites vary in size from a few metres wide and tens of metres long up to larger bodies tens of metres wide and hundreds of metres long.
The pegmatites are predominantly hosted within the early Proterozoic metasedimentary lithologies of the Burrell Creek Formation and are usually conformable to the regional schistosity. The Bynoe pegmatites are classified as LCT (Lithium-Caesium-Tantalum) type and are believed to have been derived from the ~ 1845 Ma S-Type Two Sisters Granite which outcrops to the west.
Fresh pegmatite at BP33 is composed of coarse spodumene, quartz, albite, microcline and muscovite (in decreasing order of abundance). Spodumene, a lithium bearing pyroxene (LiAl(SiO3)2), is the predominant lithium bearing phase and displays a diagnostic red-pink UV fluorescence. The pegmatite is not strongly zoned, apart from a thin (1-2m) quartz-mica-albite wall facies and some barren internal quartz veins.
Drilling techniques and hole spacing
The BP33 drill hole database used for the MRE contains a total of 42 holes for 7,279.8m of drilling. Comprising 33 RC holes and 9 DD holes.
The majority of holes have been drilled at angles of between 55 - 60deg and approximately perpendicular to the strike of the pegmatite.
Geological and assay data for all drill holes was used in the geological interpretation and MRE. The only exception being the assay data for 1 recently completed diamond hole (FDD008) had not been received prior to the MRE being undertaken.
Sampling and sub-sampling
Samples were collected from RC drilling and when submitted for assay typically weighed 2-5kg over an average 1m interval. RC sampling of pegmatite for assays is done on a 1 metre basis. 1m-sampling continued into the barren wall-zone of the pegmatite and then a 3m composite was collected from the immediately surrounding barren phyllite host rock. RC samples were homogenised and subsampled by cone splitting at the drill rig.
Drill core was collected directly into trays, marked up by metre marks and secured as the drilling progressed. Core was cut firstly into half longitudinally along a consistent line, ensuring no bias in the cutting plane. Again, without bias, half core was then cut into two further segments. Depending on the hole, a half or quarter was then collected on a metre basis where possible but not less than 0.3m in length, determined by geological and lithological contacts.
Sample analysis method
All samples were sent to North Australian Laboratories (NAL) in Pine Creek for preparation and analysis.
Sample Preparation - The samples have been sorted and dried. Primary preparation has been by crushing the whole sample. The samples have been split with a riffle splitter to obtain a sub-fraction which has then been pulverised to 95% passing 100µm.
A 0.3 g sub-sample of the pulp is digested in a standard 4 acid mixture and analysed via ICP-MS and ICP-OES methods for the following elements: Li, Cs, Rb, Sr, Nb, Sn, Ta, U, As, K, P and Fe.
In the 2016-2017 drilling, all samples were also analysed via the fusion method - a 0.3 g sub-sample is fused with a Sodium Peroxide Fusion flux and then digested in 10% hydrochloric acid. ICP-OES is used for the following elements: Li, P and Fe. Exhaustive checks of this data suggested an excellent correlation exists, so in 2018 a 3000 ppm Li trigger was set to process that sample via a fusion method.
Selected drill core samples were also run for the following additional elements to provide a broader suite: Al, Ca, Mg, Mn, Si, LOI, SG (immersion), SG (pychnometer) and various trace elements.
Standards, blanks and duplicates have all been applied in the QAQC methodology. Sufficient accuracy and precision have been established for the type of mineralisation encountered and is appropriate for QAQC in the Resource Estimation.
The current Mineral Resource Inventory for the BP33 Deposit has been reported at a cut-off grade of 0.75% Li2O which based on current modelling for the nearby Grants Deposit, approximates the current break-even operating cost estimate for an open pit development. No top cuts were applied.
Geology and mineralisation wireframes were generated in Micromine software using drill hole data supplied by Core. Resource data was flagged with unique lithology and mineralisation domain codes as defined by the wireframes and composited to 1m lengths.
Grade continuity analysis was undertaken in Micromine software for Li2O for the mineralised domain and models were generated in all three directions. Parameters were used in the block model estimation. A block model with a parent block size of 5x10x10m with sub-blocks of 1.25 x 2.5 x 2.5m has been used to adequately represent the mineralised volume, with sub blocks estimated at the parent block scale.
Density data was supplied by Core and is consistent with expected values for the lithologies present and the degree of weathering. Within the block model, density has been assigned based on lithology and oxidation.
The resource classification has been applied to the Mineral Resource Estimate based on the drilling data spacing, grade and geological continuity, and data integrity. Portions of the model that have drill spacing of better than 25m by 30m, and where the confidence in the estimation is considered high have been classified as Indicated Mineral Resources. Areas that have drill spacing of greater than 25m by 30m, and/or with lower levels of confidence in the estimation or potential impact of modifying factors have been classified as Inferred Mineral Resources. The classification reflects the view of the Competent Person.
Mining and Metallurgy
It has been assumed that the traditional open cut mining method of drill, blast, load and haul will be used. No other mining assumptions have been made.
No metallurgical recoveries have been applied to the Mineral Resource Estimate.
Eventual Economic Extraction
It is the view of the Competent Person that at the time of estimation there are no known issues that could materially impact on the eventual extraction of the Mineral Resource.
To view tables and figures, please visit:
About Core Exploration Ltd:
Core Exploration Ltd. (ASX:CXO) is an emerging lithium producer focused on development of its Finniss Project near Darwin in the Northern Territory. Core owns 100% of Finniss, a major developing project that lies close to existing infrastructure such as the Darwin Port, grid power, gas and rail infrastructure.
The Finniss Project covers a 500km2 tenement holding and 25 historic pegmatite mines. The project area is about 80km from Darwin Port. Exploration work has generated a near term development timeline, with feasibility studies to be completed over the course of 2018 ahead of receipt of approvals in early 2019 and planned first production during 2019.
An aggressive exploration program is under way, which has confirmed the high quality prospectivity across much of the Finniss Project area. Core's stated ambition is to upgrade Finniss' resource base to fast-track commercialisation options.
Core Exploration Ltd.
For further information please contact: Stephen Biggins Managing Director Core Exploration Ltd. T: +61-8-7324-2987 E: email@example.com For Media and Broker queries: Andrew Rowell Director - Investor Relations Cannings Purple M: +61-400-466-226 E: firstname.lastname@example.org